Sunday, February 9, we commemorate the anniversary of the historical pleading of the nation's leader President Mam Jalal, where President Talabani on February 9 of 2004 proved that Kirkuk is a Kurdish city in a meeting of members of the Iraqi Governing Council through the presentation of many documents and historical sources before the Governing Council and the World Public Opinion.
President Mam Jalal, Secretary-General of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, on 9/2/2004, delivered an important and historic speech at a meeting of members of the Iraqi Governing Council, in which he defended the rights of the people of Kurdistan and said: The Governing Council must recognize the federalism of Kurdistan and work to normalize the situation in Kirkuk and bring it back as before.
President Talabani read at the meeting, a paragraph of the decisions of the League of Nations Commission and stated: "the borders of Iraq never exceed the boundaries of Mount Hamrin and the areas that have been cut from Mount Hamrin are Kurdistan regions."
Mam Jalal proved his statement by putting a large historical map of the Ottoman Empire on the table of the meeting and publicly stated that the city of Kirkuk is a Kurdish city.
Thus, President Mam Jalal has proven through the language of roses and documents that "Kirkuk is a Kurdish city" to the members of the Iraqi Governing Council, friends and enemies at the same time.
President Mam Jalal also indicated in his historical pleading, that it is one of the legitimate rights of the Kurds to recognize the Kurdish language as the official language in the country alongside the Arabic language and work to end the policies of Arabization and national identity clearing and return the Kurds and Turkmen to their real areas.
President Talabani stressed the need to establish the rights of the people of Kurdistan in the State Administration Law for the Transitional Period, which the Governing Council was in the process of discussing at that time.
He began with presenting facts about the people of Kurdistan, explaining that Kurdistan was divided between four countries: Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria, and he said: "The Kurdistan people have been attached to the Iraqi state in 1925 by a decision from the League of Nations", quoting Edmonds, Britain's representative of the League of Nations Commission to determine the fate of the future of the northern state of Mosul at that time, as saying, "Southern Kurdistan has been attached to Iraq under several conditions, including:
"The administrators in this Kurdistan region must be Kurds ,the Kurdish language must be the official language and keeping the status of Kurdistan as it is."
Mam Jalal pointed out that Edmonds worked to eradicate the Kurdish character in Kirkuk and described this as a flagrant violation of the pledges made by the League of Nations, Iraq and Britain.
"The pledges that were given to the Kurdish people were not implemented, but were violated by the Iraqi government and Britain, and the matter ended up with ethnic cleansing and the expulsion of the Kurds and Turkmen from Kirkuk and the settlement of the Arabs in their place during the time of Saddam Hussein," he added.
In another part of the pleading Mam Jalal stressed the rights of the Turkmen and Kurds and affirmed that "the displaced must be returned to the homes of their fathers and their grandparents in the areas from which they were expelled."
On the other side of his speech, Talabani read part of the declaration of the League of Nations Commission on the borders of Iraq, which states that "the borders of Iraq never crossed Mount Hamrin and the borders of Kurdistan start from Mount Hamrin, despite the presence of some Turkmen in the city."
Mam Jalal referred to the book of 'The Mosul Question', which states that Kurdistan is not part of Iraq or Anatolia.
He also referred to the book 'Kamus al-A'lam' that says: three quarters of Kirkuk population are Kurds.
Mam Jalal put a large historical map of the Ottoman authorities on the table of the Governing Council, which defined the location of Kirkuk within the borders of Kurdistan.
"We are not demanding to attach Kirkuk to the Iraqi Kurdistan now," Talabani said.
"But we demand that the expelled Kurds and Turkmen be returned to their places of origin in Kirkuk and return the Arabs who were settled in Kirkuk by the former regime to their places in central and southern Iraq, and after that a referendum will be held among the people of Kirkuk from the Kurds and Turkmen and the original Arabs on the basis of accurate statistics conducted to determine the future and destiny of Kirkuk," he added.
He also demanded that the Kurdish language be officially recognized as an official language beside the Arabic language in Iraq.