Difficult days of Rojava
Discussion between Hashim Muhammad Ahmed with Professor Robert Olson:out the interviewer:
Hashim Muhammad Ahmed is a professor of political science at Garmian University.
About the interviewee:
Robert Olson is Professor of Middle East history and politics at the University of Kentucky (Emeritus). He is the author of ten books of various aspects of Middle East history and politics. His major books are: The Siege of Mosul and Ottoman- Persian Relations: 1718-1743; The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion: 1880-1925; Turkey's Relations with Iran, 1979-2004;The Kurdish Question and Turkish-Iranian Relations: From World I to 2000; Blood, Beliefs and Ballots: The Management of Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey, 2007-2000; The Kurdish Nationalist Movements in Turkey: 1980-2011; The Goat and the Butcher: Nationalism and State Formation in Kurdistan-Iraq since the Iraqi War War. He is the author of 75 referred research articles and 60 edited research articles. He was distinguished Professor of the University of Kentucky in 2000. He is married and lives in Lexington, Kentucky.
Hashim Muhammad Ahmed: “Professor Robert Olson, ten days ago, you published an article under the title of “Jarabulus: Another Escalation in the War between Turkey and the Kurds.” By now, it has been for ten days Turkey had launched its operations to Rojava, and the operations have gotten bigger and wider; Turkey has even sent military troops to al-Rai town. I would like to hear your opinion about this matter. “
Q1. Do you think Turkey would agree on having a calm and free area in between Jarabulus and al-Rai?
-I dont think Turkey would agree on that. Turkey and other counter current Syrian Regime would soon start linking the areas between Al-Jazira and Kobanî that are currently under the control of the People's Protection Units (YPG.)
Q2. Why Turkey does insist only on the West of Euphrates not to be under the control of the Kurdish forces? Does that imply that Turkey indirectly recognizes Kurdish state in the Western of Euphrates?
-Certainly not; Turkey and the forces it supports consistently storm the areas under the control of YPG.
Q3. Do you believe that the United State would attempt to bring peace between the Turkish and Kurdish forces in Syria amid at strengthening the coalition forces to fight against Islamic State more effectively?
-Firstly, we should admit that the US cannot force Turkey to do anything that is not favoring Turkey. War against the Islamic State is not the US priority, but its priorities are some geopolitical purposes-outside of Syria- that the US wants to pursue.
Q4. As a Middle Eastern expert, which one of the two US candidates, do you think, would be able to end the Syrian crises? Why? What would be their resolutions for the crises?
-It is obvious that neither Donald Trump nor Hillary Clinton would make noticeable changes in the policies towards Syrian crises. The ultimate destination of Kurds in all the four parts-Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria- is under the control of Turkey and Iran. So, whenever they want, Turkey and Iran would cooperate in halting or ending Kurdish movements towards liberty.
Now, Kurds are facing lots of setbacks because the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG,) which is represented by the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), is strongly supporting the Turkish government against the parties in the other parts of Kurdistan. Therefore, I do not see a bright future for the Kurds.
Translated by Rizgar H. Qasim