Remembering the Faili Kurds genocide

4/4/2020 16:48:00
     Remembering the Feyli Kurds genocide

Today, April 4, Forty years passes over the most heinous crime of genocide in the history of Iraq ... a crime that humanity condemns, where the former Iraqi Ba'ath regime revoked the Iraqi citizenship from nearly a million Iraqi citizens who were born from fathers and grandfathers of the Rafidain Valley.


The former Iraqi Ba'ath regime mobilized its repressive agencies to confiscate Feyli Kurds' money, property, and supporting documents, such as Iraqi nationality, civil status IDs, Chamber of Commerce identities, academic and university certificates, and other documents after the issuance of the Resolution No. 666 of 1980 of the dissolved Revolutionary Command Council, which was contrary to the most basic principles of human rights as well as its violation of the Iraqi interim constitution of 1970 in force at the time.


Then the regime instructed its flocks to attack the villagers' homes in all cities of Iraq, especially in Baghdad, and dumped them in military vehicles while they were in pajamas or in the Iraqi universities campuses and after assembling them in the prisons of the intelligence and public security, the interior, police stations, the People's Army centers, the Kadhimiya base, the Army channel, the Hakimiya, and intelligence bases of Kirkuk, Kut, Khanaqin, Basra, Hilla, Diwaniyah, Baquba, Badra and Jassan, they then took them to the Iranian border, leaving them to walk barefoot in military areas planted with mines.


Meanwhile the intelligence services detained approximately five thousand Feyli youths to be transferred later to the prisons of Nugra Salman, Abu Ghraib and Al-Fadhilya, for the purpose of conducting chemical weapons experiments on their bodies in the factories of Hussein Kamel, and the bodies of these martyrs are still missing.


Accordingly, it can be said that the first victims of the infamous Anfal campaigns were the Feyli Kurds.


Memoirs of a survivor from Saddam's most heinous crimes against the Feyli Kurds


Men in olive colored uniforms, followers of the former Iraqi regime, raided in the early eighties of the last century with the start of the Iraq-Iran war, thousands of homes belonging to the Feyli Kurds in various provinces of the country, in order to kill and forcibly expel them to Iran.


Shukria Hassan, a Feyli Kurd citizen, in an interview with PUKmedia, recalled the events of how her family of three brothers and two sisters with their mother were expelled on the day that men in olive-colored uniforms from Saddam Hussein's intelligence services, stormed their home and took the mother with her children to an unknown destination, where for more than 25 years their fate was unknown.


Shukria, born in (1958), survived the even, because she is married to a Kurd from one of the Kurdish governorates of the Kurdistan Region and her Civil Status ID does not indicate that she is a feyli Kurds.


After the fall of the Ba’athist regime in 2003, at the hands of the American forces, Shukria continued to search for her family and her mother’s siblings until she reached them in separate cities in Iran, where one of her uncles and three of her siblings were executed and the remains of only two of them were found in one of the mass graves that was found years ago.


It is noteworthy that the Feyli Kurds are an ethnic group historically inhabiting both sides of the Zagros mountain range along the Iraq-Iran border, and can be considered a cross-border population. Today, the estimated 1.5 million Faili Kurds in Iraq live mainly in Baghdad, as well as the eastern parts of Diyala, Wasit, Missan and Basra governorates. A sizeable population can also be found in the autonomous Kurdistan region. They speak a distinct dialect of Kurdish, which is a sub-dialect of Luri. Unlike the majority of Kurds, who are generally Sunni Muslims adhering to the Shafi’i school of Islam, Faili Kurds are Shia Muslims. 



(Translated and Edited by H.H.)






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