The nature of Kurdistan is characterized by spectacular views that fascinate the beholder and tourist for the first time... Where green plains and mountains and snow can be seen throughout the seasons of the year, not to mention the historical monuments that it holds... But Kurdistan is the source of civilization, to discover the oldest historical relics dating back to very old ages.
Despite the grace of nature and the rich history, the movement to benefit from it and investment still falls short of what is required. For many reasons, it also requires cultural awareness of history. In order not to go too far there are countries that make a fictitious history because they have no historical significance or civilization.
The road to Hazar Merd cave
The cave is about 13 km away from Sulaymaniyah. It is the second oldest cave in Kurdistan and the world, and because of the darkness it is also called the Dark Cave. Ancient machines and tools were found in it that date back to nearly 50,000 years BC.
In 1928, the British researcher Dorothy Garrod conducted the first work in the cave of Hazar Merd and in Arabic means "Cave of a Thousand Man", for two weeks, and the cave dates back to the Stone Age 300.000-30.00 BC.
Hashim Hama Abdullah, director of the Sulaymaniyah Museum, told PUKmedia: "A Japanese team is conducting research in the cave of Hazar Merd," pointing out that the official contract with the team has not yet been formalized.
Hazar Merd Restaurant
As you walk towards the cave, starting from the city of Sulaymaniyah, which was established in turn on November 14, 1784 by the Kurdish Prince Ibrahim Pasha Baban, who named the city Sulaymaniyah in relation to the name of his father Sulaiman Pasha, one of the princes of Baban dynasty, which had an emirate during that period in Sulaymaniyah, Green and large areas of greenhouses before reaching a famous restaurant with the same name of the cave, "Hazar Merd" restaurant, which is characterized by food cooked on charcoal, and a large garden with many types of roses and traditional Kurdish collections.
At the entrance to the restaurant was a real eagle opening its wings to guests and tourists in their keenness on the best picture with the eagle. The owner of the restaurant says that a large proportion of our customers are from central and southern Iraq, because the restaurant provides a quiet atmosphere in the bosom of nature and also contains the heritage collections. "Some prefer to go to the restaurant before going to the mountain, and others prefer to take some rest after the return," the restaurant offers popular dishes, grills and others.
The lost city
"They will return in a few days," said Sulaimaniyah Antiquities Director, Kamal Rashid about the return of the French team that discovered the lost city in the Kunara area near the Hazar Merd cave.
The team, which included archaeologists from France, recently found the remains of an ancient missing city near the province of Sulaymaniyah, according to a statement of the French National Center for Scientific Research.
According to the statement, the lost city is believed to be 4,000 years old, near the Zagros mountain range, was found at a mining site called Kunara.
"The French team will be back soon," Rashid said. "We can cover its excavations and research together and with them," he said, adding that “the team had been operating in the region for five years.”
The mountain’s steepness and other researches
Hashim Hama Abdullah, the director of the Sulaymaniyah Museum, said that comprehensive research in the cave had not yet been done, pointing out that the mistake is to allow the citizens to go to those historical areas, and the dirt road to the cave was preferred not to be built because research has not yet begun in Hazar Merd cave.
It takes two hours for the tourists to get to the cave on foot, which is a steep and dangerous route, despite the construction of a dirt road, the cave consists of other small caves, characterized by "dirt" of animal waste, the remains of food and water bottles, and reveals the importance of awareness of the value of the antiquities by the citizens.
The cave, which overlooks the city of Sulaymaniyah, needs more digging and research, Abdullah said. A Japanese team is visiting the cave and conducting more research on the impact of early humans on the earth, he said, stressing that the studies and research in archeology need scientists with a high degree of experience, stressing the importance of preventing the arrival of citizens and people to the cave, and make it a protected area before the completion of all research and historical studies around it.
PUKmedia – Majed Mohammed Mustafa