Afrin under Turkish occupation


14/3/2019 17:55:00
Print
     .

Human rights organization criticizes devastating humanitarian and economic situation.

 

One year after the attack on Afrin, which was a violation of international law, Turkish troops continue to occupy the Kurdish region in northern Syria. Kamal Sido, Middle East Consultant of the Society for Threatened Peoples (STP), is shocked by the humanitarian and economic situation following the occupation. 

 

"The Turkish army and their Islamists allies have left a trail of destruction in the region," Sido stated in Göttingen today. "The war crimes and human rights violations are only possible because they are supported by Russian President Vladimir Putin and tolerated by the NATO member states."

 

According to consensus reports by "Afrinpost" and several human rights advocates, the humanitarian situation has deteriorated significantly: at least 225 civilians got killed in violent clashes since the beginning of the occupation on March 18, 2018 – and 17 others have been tortured to death. A total number of 467 civilians were injured and another 2,500 were arrested. "At least 300,000 Kurds from Afrin are on the run, any many are living in refugee camps in Shahba to the north of Aleppo. 

 

They are almost completely cut off from the outside world," Sido reported, referring to reports of his contact persons in northern Syria.

 

The economic impact on the region and its inhabitants is devastating: since the beginning of the occupation, Turkish army officials and Syrian-Islamist "warlords" ordered around 120,000 olive trees to be cut down and sold as firewood. Another 20,000 olive trees were burned. About a third of the 325 existing olive oil factories and 18 out of 26 olive processing factories were destroyed or disassembled. Revenues from this key industry declined by 109 million USD in comparison to 2017. The occupiers burned down about ten of the 32 hectares of forest land in Afrin. 

 

Out of 1,100 factories and production facilities, 770 were destroyed, looted, or resold – and over 70 percent of the leather processing factories were destroyed or looted. Tens of thousands of sheep, goats, and cows were slaughtered or seized, and many poultry arms were destroyed or looted. The losses in this sector are estimated at around 25 million USD.

 

Clearly, the population of Afrin is suffering from flight and expulsion: "One year after the beginning of the occupation, all Armenians and about 1,200 Kurdish Christians have fled. The Kurds' share of the population has fallen from 96 to under 35 percent," Sido explained. Many holy places of the Yazidis and Alevis as well as historical ruins were destroyed or plundered. Of the 325 schools in the region, 70 were destroyed or turned into barracks and prisons. 

 

"Turkey intends to assimilate and forcibly disassociate Afrin. The destruction of the economic basis will make it even more difficult for refugees to return to their homeland," the Middle East expert warned. 

 

 

 

PUKmedia 


 

Sham Ahmed: A candidate for the European Union


A Kurdish girl nominated herself for a seat in the European Union and her nomination number is 13.

 

Sham Ahmed says “I was a little girl when I came from Kurdistan to Eu...


»  A Kurdish journalist is a candidate in municipal elections in Germany
»  UK.. First Kurdish mayor of the 'Lambeth' city
 

Bafel Talabani: Another intra-Kurdish conflict will not happen


Sulaymaniyah, Iraq - Over the past year, Iraq has seen a number of major political developments, including the fallout of the Kurdish independence referendum, the May national elections, and the Se...


»   Kurdish novelist Burhan Sonmez: ‘The only way out is to criticise loudly’
»  PUK delegation reveals the main topics of the meetings in Baghdad
 

Iraqi perspective of the US-Iran tension


The Middle East Research Institute’s Founder, Dlawer Ala'Aldeen issued a report about the latest developments of the tensions between the US and Iran that has been going on for a while now.
»  Breaking the Cycle of Shame in Iraq
»  US plans to deploy 120,000 troops in Middle East


Caricature